John Ronald Reuel Tolkien also famously known by his initials J. R. R. Tolkien is an English fantasy writer, poet, philologist and university professor. He is known around the world for his fictional stories and mythical characters of classic fantasy. His stories take readers on a rich literary trove of elves, goblins, talking trees, hobbits and wizards.. Some of his much beloved books known as The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit, have later been made into epic blockbuster films enjoyed by millions of international fans.
J. R. R. Tolkien was born 1892-1973 in South Africa. At an early age his father died from rheumatic fever. His mother made a decision to settle in the countryside of Birmingham, England.
After his mother’s death in 1904, he was sent to live with relatives and through his childhood he explored near by towns such as Bromsgrove, Alcaster and Sarehole Mill. At an early age Tolkien had a real keen interest in languages and literature he was taught Latin by his mother. By Four years old he could read and write fluently. He was surrounded by classic stories of Treasure Island and Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll.
His mother’s close friend Francis Xvier Morgan became his guardian after his mother passed away. He then attended King Edward’s School Brimingham and later St. Philip’s School. During his youth he explored a number of constructed languages. He would often take a visit to the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery to be enchanted by the romantic period created grand paintings of vast landscapes and exotic places from Edward Burne-Jones and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood movement.
In August 1914 the United Kingdom entered into the First World War. During this time he served for a short time as a second lieutenant and in 1916 he was married to his only love Edith Bratt, they were close friends as teenagers and fell for each other. They had four children their sons being John Francis, Michael Hilary, Christopher John and their daughter Priscilla Anne. After his service in the armed forces he followed his interest in English and linguistic studies.
In 1920 He became an English teacher and a respected professor for University of Leeds and Oxford University. While at Oxford University he became close friends with Owen Barfield and Clive Staples Lewis who later writes a novel known as The Chronicles of Narnina. Tolkien spent much of his time writing fantasy stories and making up languages for his tales.
In Tolkien’s later years he resided in the country seaside town of Bournemouth. he was awarded for his contribution to the arts in 1972, as Commander of the Order of the British Empire (COB) by Queen Elizabeth II of England. After his death his son Christopher Tolkien republished his works from his father original notes and drawings.
Tolkien fantasy fictional stories became popular and award winning novels. The first was his novel called The Hobbit, the story is about a small curious character Bilbo Baggins and going on a journey to discover the unknown. The Hobbit was published in 1937 at the time was regarded as a children’s book. Tolkien also created illustrations and maps to go with the story.
Later he started to develop a story that would eventually become his most famous work The Lord of the Rings, inspired by ancient myths, legends and languages. He spent ten years writing the primary narratives. He released the books in three parts, The Fellowship of the Ring (1954), The Two Towers and the final part of the trilogy The Return of the King (1955).